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Service Host Superfetch, or Superfetch for short, is a Windows feature designed to speed up your computer, but sometimes it can actually slow it down. Keep reading to find out what Superfetch is, how to disable Superfetch, and why you might want to do so. Then, keep your PC in top shape with a specialized performance booster.
Superfetch is a standard Windows feature that preloads the apps you use most frequently. By loading these programs in advance, Service Host Superfetch aims to speed up your PC. Superfetch is part of Windows 10, and has come built-in with all versions of Windows since Windows Vista in 2007.
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Superfetch can extend startup times by preloading programs before Windows can get itself up and running. Though Superfetch is usually helpful, sometimes it can slow down your PC. As a background service, Superfetch constantly uses some CPU and RAM resources. Try disabling Superfetch if you encounter these issues.
You may notice that Superfetch is slowing down your PC, rather than speeding it up. If that’s the case, here’s how to turn off Superfetch in Windows 10, in two different ways:
Right-click the Windows button in the lower-left corner of your desktop, then click Run. Type services.msc and click OK to open the Windows Service Manager.
In the Windows Service Manager, locate the Sysmain entry. Double-click it and set the Startup type status to Disabled.
Click OK, then reboot your system. Service Host Superfetch will be disabled.
Open the Start menu and type cmd. Select Run as administrator. Click Yes when prompted.
Paste the following command into the Command Prompt, then press Enter:
sc stop “SysMain” & sc config “SysMain” start=disabled
Restart your computer to use Windows with Superfetch turned off.
At times, Superfetch can eat up a lot of CPU resources and RAM, which may drive your disk usage up to 100%, raise CPU temperatures, and decrease your computer’s speed. If these problems persist even with Superfetch turned off, go ahead and turn it back on — your performance issues aren’t being caused by Superfetch.
Turning on Superfetch may help improve performance. Here’s how to turn on Superfetch in Windows 10:
Right-click the Windows button in the lower-left corner of your desktop, then click Run. Type services.msc and press Enter.
Scroll down and double-click Sysmain, then choose Automatic (Delayed Start).
Click OK, then restart your computer. Superfetch will now be enabled in Windows 10.
Type cmd in the Start menu, click Run as administrator, and choose Yes when prompted.
Enter the command below into the Command Prompt, then press the Enter key.
sc config “SysMain” start=auto & sc start “SysMain”
Restart your computer to enable Superfetch.
Superfetch is just one of many tools you can use to make your computer more efficient. Avast Cleanup is another — it’s a dedicated PC optimizer that works on multiple fronts to give you a faster PC. Find and delete junk files, update old and sluggish apps, snooze resource-hogging background programs, and more.
Service Host Superfetch predicts which programs you’ll use at which times, then preloads those apps into your RAM (short-term memory). Here’s a detailed look at how Service Host Superfetch works:
Superfetch preloads apps (and boot files) into your RAM when it thinks you’re going to use them. This is designed to prevent Windows from needing to dip into the slower hard disk as frequently as it otherwise would.
By analyzing your behavior, Superfetch’s algorithm will anticipate which apps you’ll use and when. Superfetch is able to predict up to three apps at any time.
Superfetch knows to prioritize active programs over background tasks, such as defragging your hard drive. Windows Service Host Superfetch will run these tasks when your computer is idle.
Superfetch learns as you continue to use your computer. As your habits change and you use different programs more or less frequently, Superfetch adapts to your needs.
If your computer feels slower than it should be, you can check to see if Superfetch is causing high disk usage. Here’s how to monitor Superfetch in Windows 10:
Right-click the Taskbar and choose Task Manager.
In the Task Manager, find an item called Service Host: SysMain — also known as Service Host Superfetch.
Superfetch’s disk usage should be minimal at most — if you see a high CPU usage percentage or double-digit MB/s disk usage for more than a few minutes, turn Superfetch off. Should this persist, you may note high CPU temperatures as a result.
You should disable Superfetch if you notice that it’s increasing CPU usage, eating up RAM, or throwing your hard disk into overdrive. With Superfetch overusing disk resources, it could cause a noticeable drop in your computer’s speed and performance. This can happen even if you’re using an SSD instead of an older HDD.
Slowdowns caused by Superfetch typically result from Superfetch preloading too many apps, or guessing wrong and loading apps that you aren’t going to use. When you choose to open a different program, your RAM isn’t ready for it. Turn off Superfetch and see if your SSD or HDD works any faster. Learn more about how to check your RAM.
It’s perfectly safe to disable Superfetch, but it’s best to leave it on if you aren’t experiencing performance issues with your system. Turning off Superfetch can help if you’re having HDD issues or running many RAM-intensive processes, but if disabling it doesn’t improve performance, you should turn it back on.
Most of the time, Superfetch improves the performance of Windows PCs. The more Superfetch learns about your habits, the more accurately it can predict when you’ll use a certain app and preload it.
When you install new apps, the Superfetch queue is cleared to ensure there’s enough RAM. As you use these new apps, Superfetch analyzes when and how often. Microsoft’s Michael Fortin has spoken at length about the Superfetch design process and how it can improve your PC’s performance.
But sometimes, Superfetch can actually cause more problems than it fixes, and turning off Superfetch may help.
By preloading your game when you’re about to play, Superfetch should help optimize your PC for gaming. But some gamers report Superfetch taking up disk resources — even after a gaming session is over.
Game files can be very large, sometimes exceeding 100 GB. If Superfetch detects that you regularly play a game, it may get a bit too excited and attempt to preload the game’s files into your RAM — this is where things can go wrong. Superfetch will struggle to deal with these massive file sizes, and you may want to disable Superfetch to see if performance improves.
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