A key part of any computer is its random access memory (RAM). RAM is short-term memory, where the system works with applications and data loaded from the hard disk. When you don’t have enough RAM, the computer runs slowly. You’re probably wondering: How much RAM do I have? How much do I need? And how to check for bad memory? Read on for all the answers you need.
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Before you can determine if you have a problem with RAM — including, “I don’t have enough!” — you should find out how much is already in your system.
Click on the Windows Start menu and type in System Information.
A list of search results pops up, among which is the System Information utility. Click on it.
Scroll down to Installed Physical Memory (RAM) and see how much memory is installed on your computer.
Right-click on the Windows taskbar and select Task Manager.
On Windows 10, click on Memory to look at your current RAM usage. Windows 7 users see their memory under Total (in this example, 16 GB on Windows 10 and 1 GB on Windows 7).
Tip: If you’re low on memory (usually that means 4 GB or less), you can free up RAM by following our tips to speed up your PC. You can also use Sleep Mode, a feature of Avast Cleanup that automatically puts resource draining-programs to sleep when you don’t need them. Give it a try and watch how much faster your PC runs.
Struggling with a sluggish Mac system? It might mean you’re running out of memory. Here’s how to check.
How much RAM can this Mac actually hold? There’s a quick way to find out.
In the top left corner of the screen, click on the Apple icon and select About This Mac.
Next to the Memory entry, you see your total memory usage and its specifications.
To see how much RAM is currently being consumed, in the MacOS menu bar click on Go...
And then select Utilities. Double-click on Activity Monitor.
Click on the Memory tab. This is where you see all running processes and (near the lower part) how much memory is being used right now:
If you’re low on RAM, you should follow our guide to speeding up a Mac — which starts by recommending that you close as many applications as you can. However, if that doesn’t improve performance, you might want to clean up some space using our very own Avast Cleanup for Mac product. Safely delete junk data, duplicate files, and poor quality photos you don’t need to free up extra space and memory.
Experiencing random crashes and freezes on your PC? Then perhaps you should check into your memory and rule out any possibility of hardware failure. Luckily, Windows 7 and Windows 10 include memory diagnostics that are simple to use. Here’s how it works:
Click on the Start menu on your PC and type in Windows Memory Diagnostics. A search result window will appear. Choose the Windows Memory Diagnostics item:
When the diagnostic utility starts, click Restart now and check for problems. Your PC will reboot in a diagnostic environment.
When your PC restarts, it’ll display the following screen:
During this process, every single bit on your PC’s RAM is examined and checked for errors. If the diagnostic tool finds a problem, you should immediately replace your RAM.
That isn’t a problem, really. RAM is cheap these days and it’s easy to install it.
If you take the time to upgrade your RAM, you may be amazed by how much faster the computer runs, especially when you’ve got a gaming PC.
If you find yourself waiting on your PC or Mac to start applications or to complete the work you give it, it’s not necessarily your hardware’s fault. It could very well be your RAM filling up. When that happens, the operating system (whether Windows or macOS) flushes data from RAM back onto the hard disk — a process called paging — which causes huge delays and performance losses.
The easiest way to free up memory is to close as many programs and browser tabs as you can. Don’t run too many things simultaneously. Some applications are hogs (I’m looking at you, Facebook). Open up Task Manager as described above to identify the most resource-intensive processes.Click on the Memory tab to sort by the most memory-consuming programs. In the example above, that’s Microsoft Edge and Slack. If my computer were running slowly and I wasn’t actively using them, I probably would shut down those applications.
However, in some cases, programs keep running things in the background even when you’re not actively using them. For such cases, you should consider Sleep Mode, a feature of Avast Cleanup, which detects such hogs and prevents them from consuming resources when you’re not using them. Give it a try and get up to 79% faster start up and 30% faster work performance on your PC.
MacBooks or iMacs can quickly run out of space, especially if they are equipped with 4GB or less of memory. Look at the MacOS Activity Monitor, described above, to identify which applications are causing the majority of memory issues.In the example above, the list is sorted by processes with the highest memory consumption. Some are macOSs own processes (WindowServer, kernel_task…), and you can’t shut those down or the computer won’t work. So look at only the ones listed under your own username (see User). In the example list above you see applications like Google Chrome, VLC Player, iMessage, and Spotify consuming a lot of memory. Close them when they’re not running actively to free up RAM.
If you have enough RAM, but are lacking free hard disk space, try out Avast Cleanup for Mac. Deep-scan your Mac to find and delete all the junk files, leftover cache data, and other unnecessary items hogging memory and slowing down your machine.